Weather Shielding: protect the infrastructure of your location
What is Weather Shielding?
Climate shielding is an abbreviated term that allows identifying the risks faced by a development project as a consequence of climate variability and change, in order to reduce them to acceptable levels, by incorporating long-term changes in harmony with the environment, which are economically viable and socially acceptable, and that are implemented in one or more of the following stages of a project cycle: planning, design, construction, operation and closure of operations (Asian Development Bank, 2005. Cited) in UNDP, 2010).
This Virtual Guide is a regional public good developed within the framework of the project «Regional Mechanism for Comprehensive Risk Management and Adoption of Climate Shielding in Public Infrastructure», executed by the Central American Institute of Public Administration (ICAP) in cooperation with the Coordination Center for the Prevention of Natural Disasters (CEPREDENAC), and sponsored by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Its objective was to contribute to the creation of institutional and technical capacities associated with Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management. Strategic actors in the project were the various associations of municipalities of the Central American region: Association of Municipalities of Honduras (AMHON), Corporation of Municipalities of the Republic of El Salvador (COMURES), Association of Municipalities of Panama (AMUPA), National Union of Local Governments of Costa Rica (UNGL) and Association of Municipalities of Guatemala (ANAM). The participating municipalities, who were provided technical support for the incorporation of shielding measures of a structural and non-structural nature for a set of important projects at the local level, were: Agua Dulce, San Carlos, Antón and Pinogana in Panama; the Commonwealth of Coastal Municipalities of Honduras, which brings together the municipalities of Goascorán, Marcovia, Namasigüe and San Lorenzo; La Libertad, Conchagua, Atiquizaya and Zacatecoluca in El Salvador; Puerto Barrios and Taxisco in Guatemala; and Pococí and Limón in Costa Rica.
8 step virtual guide
1. Risk analysis at the local scale (includes threats, vulnerability, resilience and projections of possible new risks at the local scale).
2. Analysis of the public infrastructure to be shielded.
3. Proposal of methodology for analysis of the policies and institutional framework of the municipalities that can facilitate the implementation of the Climate Shield.
4. Analyze shielding options that include selecting structural and non-structural risk reduction and management measures.
5. Proposed Methodology to support governance and local social dialogue.
6. Incorporate the technical assistance components for the implementation of the prioritized shielding measures.
7. Access, availability and transfer of knowledge on best practices and lessons learned among the different beneficiary municipalities with the mechanism.
8. Local monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of the implementation of comprehensive risk management and shielding measures based on updated information on hydrometeorological, seismological and other natural phenomena and conditions, related to the MRV system at the national level.